[置顶] SSO单点登录系列6:cas单点登录防止登出退出后刷新后退ticket失效报500错

这个问题之前就发现过,最近有几个哥们一直在问我这个怎么搞,我手上在做另一个项目,cas就暂时搁浅了几周。现在我们来一起改一下你的应用(client2/3)的web.xml来解决这个2b问题,首先看下错误描述:

问题: 我登录了client2,又登录了client3,现在我把client2退出了,在client里面我F5刷新了一下,结果页面报错:

未能够识别出目标 'ST-41-2VcnVMguCDWJX5zHaaaD-cas01.example.org'票根

type Exception report

message org.jasig.cas.client.validation.TicketValidationException:

description The server encountered an internal error that prevented it from fulfilling this request.

exception

javax.servlet.ServletException: org.jasig.cas.client.validation.TicketValidationException: 
		鏈�兘澶熻瘑鍒�嚭鐩�爣 'ST-41-2VcnVMguCDWJX5zHaaaD-cas01.example.org'绁ㄦ牴
	
	org.jasig.cas.client.validation.AbstractTicketValidationFilter.doFilter(AbstractTicketValidationFilter.java:155)
	org.jasig.cas.client.session.SingleSignOutFilter.doFilter(SingleSignOutFilter.java:99)
	org.springframework.web.filter.CharacterEncodingFilter.doFilterInternal(CharacterEncodingFilter.java:96)
	org.springframework.web.filter.OncePerRequestFilter.doFilter(OncePerRequestFilter.java:76)
root cause

org.jasig.cas.client.validation.TicketValidationException: 
		鏈�兘澶熻瘑鍒�嚭鐩�爣 'ST-41-2VcnVMguCDWJX5zHaaaD-cas01.example.org'绁ㄦ牴
	
	org.jasig.cas.client.validation.Cas20ServiceTicketValidator.parseResponseFromServer(Cas20ServiceTicketValidator.java:73)
	org.jasig.cas.client.validation.AbstractUrlBasedTicketValidator.validate(AbstractUrlBasedTicketValidator.java:188)
	org.jasig.cas.client.validation.AbstractTicketValidationFilter.doFilter(AbstractTicketValidationFilter.java:132)
	org.jasig.cas.client.session.SingleSignOutFilter.doFilter(SingleSignOutFilter.java:99)
	org.springframework.web.filter.CharacterEncodingFilter.doFilterInternal(CharacterEncodingFilter.java:96)
	org.springframework.web.filter.OncePerRequestFilter.doFilter(OncePerRequestFilter.java:76)
note The full stack trace of the root cause is available in the Apache Tomcat/7.0.37 logs.



猜都能猜出来,我注销了,ticket已经失效了,现在我又发回到server端,它就报错了。(客户端发过去就报错了),以下就是cas ticket失效处理的一个很简单的解决办法,复杂的话,需要修改client源码进行异常处理。


1.所以针对这个情况,我只能在web.xml中下手了,(你也可以修改客户端的jar包中的一些java类,自己去做这个异常处理,接收所有在cas使用过程中会出错的处理,全部跳转到错误页面中,让掉线的人重新登录。在这里,我们采用web.xml配置一下)


2.这是官网解释:https://wiki.jasig.org/display/CASC/Configuring+the+Jasig+CAS+Client+for+Java+in+the+web.xml 它的解释:

The correct order of the filters in web.xml is necessary:

  1. AuthenticationFilter
  2. TicketValidationFilter (whichever one is chosen)
  3. HttpServletRequestWrapperFilter
  4. AssertionThreadLocalFilter


意思是说,过滤器链不要错,我之前的那篇教程里cas客户端配置web.xml没有使用这几个过滤器,现在我们重新使用它。


3.这是一个哥们之前解释的:我贴出来。

单点登出,客户端配置。我尝试使用SAML作为认证和Ticket校验,但是调试时发现单点登出取标识的方式只能识别CAS的认证和校验。
认证:org.jasig.cas.client.authentication.AuthenticationFilter
校验:org.jasig.cas.client.validation.Cas20ProxyReceivingTicketValidationFilter
过滤器顺序:
1. CAS Single Sign Out Filter
2. CAS Validation Filter
3. CAS Authentication Filter
4. CAS HttpServletRequest Wrapper Filter
5. CAS Assertion Thread Local Filter
特别注意Validation在Authentication之前,因为我使用的是Cas20ProxyReceivingTicketValidationFilter。根据CAS文档描述:If you are using proxy validation, you should map the validation filter before the authentication filter.


4.ok,放上我的web.xml文件,废掉之前的cas验证过滤器(CAS Filter)。使用另一个过滤器(CAS Authentication Filter),并且增加另外三个过滤器(CAS Validation Filter,CAS HttpServletRequest Wrapper Filter,CAS Assertion Thread Local Filter),注意过滤器的顺序.




<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<web-app xmlns="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee"
    xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" version="2.5"
    xsi:schemaLocation="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee   http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee/web-app_2_5.xsd">

    <!-- 解决中文乱码问题 -->
    <filter>
        <filter-name>spring filter</filter-name>
        <filter-class>
			org.springframework.web.filter.CharacterEncodingFilter
        </filter-class>
        <init-param>
            <param-name>encoding</param-name>
            <param-value>UTF-8</param-value>
        </init-param>
    </filter>
    <filter-mapping>
        <filter-name>spring filter</filter-name>
        <url-pattern>/*</url-pattern>
    </filter-mapping>
    <!-- 解决中文乱码问题 -->


    <!--1.用于单点退出 -->
    <listener>
        <listener-class>
			org.jasig.cas.client.session.SingleSignOutHttpSessionListener
        </listener-class>
    </listener>

    <filter>
        <filter-name>CAS Single Sign Out Filter</filter-name>
        <filter-class>
			org.jasig.cas.client.session.SingleSignOutFilter
        </filter-class>
    </filter>

    <filter-mapping>
        <filter-name>CAS Single Sign Out Filter</filter-name>
        <url-pattern>/*</url-pattern>
    </filter-mapping>



    <!--2.负责Ticket校验-->
    <filter>
        <filter-name>CAS Validation Filter</filter-name>
        <filter-class>
			org.jasig.cas.client.validation.Cas20ProxyReceivingTicketValidationFilter
        </filter-class>
        <init-param>
            <param-name>casServerUrlPrefix</param-name>
            <param-value>
				http://192.168.168.141:8080/casServer
            </param-value>
        </init-param>
        <init-param>
            <param-name>serverName</param-name>
            <param-value>192.168.168.141:8080</param-value>
        </init-param>
        <init-param>
            <param-name>useSession</param-name>
            <param-value>true</param-value>
        </init-param>

        <init-param>
            <param-name>exceptionOnValidationFailure</param-name>
            <param-value>false</param-value>
        </init-param>

        <init-param>
            <param-name>redirectAfterValidation</param-name>
            <param-value>true</param-value>
        </init-param>
    </filter>

    <filter-mapping>
        <filter-name>CAS Validation Filter</filter-name>
        <url-pattern>/*</url-pattern>
    </filter-mapping>

    <!-- 3. 单点登录验证 -->

    <filter>
        <filter-name>CAS Authentication Filter</filter-name>
        <filter-class>
			org.jasig.cas.client.authentication.AuthenticationFilter
        </filter-class>
        <init-param>
            <param-name>casServerLoginUrl</param-name>
            <param-value>
				http://192.168.168.141:8080/casServer/login
            </param-value>
        </init-param>
        <init-param>
            <param-name>serverName</param-name>
            <param-value>http://192.168.168.141:8080</param-value>
        </init-param>
    </filter>
    <filter-mapping>
        <filter-name>CAS Authentication Filter</filter-name>
        <url-pattern>/*</url-pattern>
    </filter-mapping>



    <!-- 3.用于单点登录 去服务器端认证(之前使用的这种)
            <filter>
            <filter-name>CAS Filter</filter-name>
            <filter-class>
            edu.yale.its.tp.cas.client.filter.CASFilter
            </filter-class>
            <init-param>
            <param-name>
            edu.yale.its.tp.cas.client.filter.loginUrl
            </param-name>
            <param-value>
            http://192.168.168.141:8080/casServer/login
            </param-value>
            </init-param>
            <init-param>
            <param-name>
            edu.yale.its.tp.cas.client.filter.validateUrl
            </param-name>
            <param-value>
            http://192.168.168.141:8080/casServer/serviceValidate
            </param-value>
            </init-param>
            <init-param>
            <param-name>
            edu.yale.its.tp.cas.client.filter.serverName
            </param-name>
            <param-value>192.168.168.141:8080</param-value>
            </init-param>
            </filter>
        -->


    <!--4.  CAS HttpServletRequest Wrapper Filter 这个是HttpServletRequet的包裹类,让他支持getUserPrincipal,getRemoteUser方法来取得用户信息-->

    <filter>
        <filter-name>CAS HttpServletRequest Wrapper Filter</filter-name>
        <filter-class>
			org.jasig.cas.client.util.HttpServletRequestWrapperFilter
        </filter-class>
    </filter>

    <filter-mapping>
        <filter-name>CAS HttpServletRequest Wrapper Filter</filter-name>
        <url-pattern>/*</url-pattern>
    </filter-mapping>


    <!--5. CAS Assertion Thread Local Filter  这个类把Assertion信息放在ThreadLocal变量中,这样应用程序不在web层也能够获取到当前登录信息-->

    <filter>
        <filter-name>CAS Assertion Thread Local Filter</filter-name>
        <filter-class>
			org.jasig.cas.client.util.AssertionThreadLocalFilter
        </filter-class>
    </filter>

    <filter-mapping>
        <filter-name>CAS Assertion Thread Local Filter</filter-name>
        <url-pattern>/*</url-pattern>
    </filter-mapping>


    <servlet>
        <servlet-name>Query</servlet-name>
        <servlet-class>servlet.Query</servlet-class>
    </servlet>

    <servlet-mapping>
        <servlet-name>Query</servlet-name>
        <url-pattern>/query</url-pattern>
    </servlet-mapping>

    <welcome-file-list>
        <welcome-file>index.jsp</welcome-file>
    </welcome-file-list>
</web-app>


5.如果这样做了,你还需要一件事情,就是前台获取用户信息的方式改了,我的index.jsp改成了这个:


<%@ page language="java" import="java.util.*" pageEncoding="utf-8"%>
<%@page import="edu.yale.its.tp.cas.client.filter.CASFilter"%>
<%@page import="org.jasig.cas.client.util.AssertionThreadLocalFilter"%>
<%@page import="org.jasig.cas.client.util.HttpServletRequestWrapperFilter"%>
<%@page import="org.jasig.cas.client.authentication.AttributePrincipal"%>
<%@page import="org.jasig.cas.client.util.AbstractCasFilter"%>
<%@page import="org.jasig.cas.client.validation.Assertion"%>


<body>

		<h1>
			登录成功,这是客户端2
		</h1>
		<br />

		欢迎您:

		<%
		    //String username = (String) session.getAttribute(CASFilter.CAS_FILTER_USER);
            //String username2 = (String)AssertionHolder.getAssertion().getPrincipal().getName();
            String username = "";
             AttributePrincipal principal = (AttributePrincipal) request.getUserPrincipal();
             if(principal != null){
               username = principal.getName();//获取用户名
             }
            
         
            
		%>
		用户名:<%=username%>


ok,我的应用之间如果一个退出,另一个就算带ticket参数也不不再报错了,就算是测试组的兄弟拿到那段ticket复制粘贴到另一个浏览器中进行访问,也不会报错。


ps:

也有兄弟说可以通过修改C: omcat7webappscasServerWEB-INFspring-configuration icketExpirationPolicies.xml这个文件中的


  <!-- Expiration policies -->
    <util:constant id="SECONDS" static-field="java.util.concurrent.TimeUnit.SECONDS"/>
    <bean id="serviceTicketExpirationPolicy" class="org.jasig.cas.ticket.support.MultiTimeUseOrTimeoutExpirationPolicy"
          c:numberOfUses="1" c:timeToKill="${st.timeToKillInSeconds:10}" c:timeUnit-ref="SECONDS"/>

其中那个

 c:numberOfUses="1" //使用ticket多少次

 c:timeToKill="${st.timeToKillInSeconds:10}" //多少秒过期,默认10秒,你把这个改成10分钟玩玩。

这个方法我没有尝试,所以希望想尝试想折腾和想玩的兄弟狠狠的点击这个链接:http://bbs.csdn.net/topics/390111112


落雨

 2013年7月26日13:37:05

【推广】 免费学中医,健康全家人
原文地址:https://www.cnblogs.com/jiangu66/p/3220222.html