matlab Newton method

% Matlab script to illustrate Newton's method
% to solve a nonlinear equation

% this particular script finds the square root of a number M
% (input by the user)

% note that the function we are trying to zero is f(x) = x^2 - M.
% its derivative is f'(x) = 2*x.
% these functions are hard-coded in the script.

format long

% get user input
M = input('Please enter the number whose square root you want: ')
x0 = input('Please enter starting guess: ')

% iteration counter
k = 1
% compute first Newton iterate to enter loop
x = x0 - (x0^2-M)/(2*x0)
disp('Hit return to continue')

while abs(x-x0) > eps*abs(x),
    % reset guess to old iterate
    x0 = x;
    % increment iteration counter
    k = k + 1
    % compute and display Newton iterate
    x = x0 - (x0^2-M)/(2*x0)
    disp('Hit return to continue')
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